For many people the sheer horror: hair loss! When hair starts to thin out and falls out, most people wonder what can be done about it. We explain what really helps and what terms like alopecia and alopecia are all about.
First of all, don't panic: A hair loss of 70 to 100 hairs per day is completely normal. This means that if your hair often gets caught in the shower sieve or in the hairbrush, that's not a big deal.
However, if you notice that more than 100 hairs or entire clumps of hair are falling out, you should observe this and definitely see a doctor if it doesn't get better. Because hair loss in women can have different causes, each of which may require targeted treatment.
What to do against hair loss? We will tell you what can be behind unwanted hair loss and what tips you can use to combat hair loss in women or men.
A distinction is made between three different types of hair loss, depending on the underlying causes of the hair loss and where or in what form it occurs:
Whether on the eyebrows or on the head - circular hair loss can appear wherever hair grows. It often occurs in children and into adulthood. It is assumed that the so-called alopecia areata is a disorder of the immune system.
This special form of hair loss is caused by inflammation of the hair follicles from which the hair grows. The size of the bald spot will vary greatly from one affected person to another. Some only lose a small spot, others can lose large parts or even all of their body hair.
The most common form of hair loss in women or men is hereditary hair loss. In women, the hair tends to become lighter along the parting, so that the scalp shines through.
Androgenetic alopecia mainly occurs in phases of life in which the hormonal balance in women changes. For example, many suffer from hair loss after pregnancy, after stopping the birth control pill, or during menopause. The reason for this is a falling hormone level:
In the case of diffuse hair loss, the hair does not just fall out in a specific part of the head but is distributed over the entire head.
From diseases (e.g. disorders of the thyroid gland) to poor nutrition and stress... Diffuse alopecia can have many causes.
The bad news first: Unfortunately, you cannot prevent and protect yourself from hereditary and circular hair loss. The good news: Even if hereditary hair loss cannot be cured, it can be stopped with certain treatments.
Diffuse hair loss, which is often caused by deficiency symptoms, can be prevented. Important to protect against diffuse hair loss is a balanced diet and avoiding extreme diets.
In many cases of hereditary hair loss, the active ingredient minoxidil has proven to be an efficient solution. While it can't treat the root cause, minoxidil will help fight the symptoms and stop the hair loss from progressing.
Important: The first successes can only be seen after three months and sensitive scalps can react to the active ingredient with skin irritations and allergies. Hair loss can also occur again after stopping the tincture.
Even an unbalanced diet, for example not eating meat, fish, and eggs or extreme diets, can cause hair loss. Iron deficiency in particular causes our hair to fall out more often.
Since a protein deficiency in a vegan diet can also lead to hair loss, you should compensate for the deficiency with eggs, legumes, etc.
Many sufferers use herbal products or household products to prevent hair loss and to support hair growth. Manufacturers of homeopathic remedies promise that certain herbal active ingredients not only strengthen the hair but also create the necessary conditions for the growth of new hair.
Preparations with caffeine, taurine, millet extract, or vitamin H (biotin) are said to help combat hair loss. In addition to capsules, there are now even gummy bears with a vitamin complex that is supposed to stop hair loss.
Even the best hair loss remedy is useless if you don't follow a few basic rules for healthy and strong hair. Above all, it is very important:
With increasing age, the number and size of hair roots in women decreases, which is partly related to the drop in estrogen levels. The result: the hair becomes thinner and lighter.
Appropriate hormone therapies can help to stop hair loss, especially during menopause. However, you should clarify with your gynecologist whether hormone therapy makes sense and is helpful in individual cases.
The content of this article is for information only and does not replace a diagnosis by a doctor. If you have any uncertainties, urgent questions, or complaints, contact your doctor or pharmacist.